Cancer Stages - healthandsymptoms

Cancer Stages


Advertisement

We’ve all heard cancer described as being in a particular stage, with higher numbered stages more serious than lower numbers. But what do these numbers actually mean? Most doctors use a staging system called TNM, which measures tumor formation (T), lymph node involvement (N), and the presence of metastasis.

1. Stage 0 – Cancer described as stage 0 is typically in the earliest, most treatable stage. Specifically, cancer cells at stage 0 are only found in the top layer of cells in the place of origin of the abnormality. Stage 0 cancer is typically treated with a watchful waiting approach.

2. Stage 1 – Stage 1 cancer occurs when abnormal cells clump together and then begin to burrow into the body part of origin. Though this is more serious than stage 0 cancer, stage 1 means that the cancer still has not spread, so it’s usually relatively treatable and can often be surgically removed.

3. Stage 2 – When cancer reaches stage 2, the cancer cells have begun to form into a tumor in the organ of origin. Usually, stage 2 cancer has not yet spread, though it also may be present in the lymph nodes at this stage. Stage II cancer can be treated by chemo, radiation, or surgery.

4. Stage 3 – Stage 3 cancer occurs when the tumor grows and begins to spread into surrounding tissue, as well as to the lymph nodes. Stage III can be treated by chemo, radiation, or surgery.

5. Stage 4 – Stage 4 cancer means that the cancerous cells and tumors are present in more than one organ, as well as the lymph node system. For this reason, stage 4 cancer can be very difficult to treat. Stage IV cancer can be treated by chemo, radiation, or surgery.

While the TNM system applies to most types of cancer, other types use a separate system. Others still are not staged at all. In addition, the cancer does not change stages. This means that even if a stage 1 cancer spreads to other organs of the body, it is still described as stage 1, or whatever stage it was in when diagnosed. This means that there are no specific treatments that apply to the various stages, although in general the higher the stage when diagnosed, the longer and more extensive the treatment.

Featured Image Source: Photo by Steve Davis / CC by


Advertisement

RELATED BY

  • breast cancer treatment, best cancer centers in the us, breast oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, breast cancer treatment centers united states, best breast cancer treatment centers, best breast cancer treatment hospitals, MD Anderson Cancer Center, breast cancer hospital, sloan kettering breast cancer, best hospital in america, breast cancer doctor, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins Hospital, University of Washington Medical Center, Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, breast care center okc, cancer care nyc, breast cancer oncology, tops breast center, advanced breast cancer treatment, advanced breast cancer treatments, advanced matastatic breast cancer treatment, advanced metastatic beast cancer treatment, advanced metastatic breast cancer treatment, advanced metastatic breast cancer treatments, Aspirin Can Lower The Risk Of Some Cancers: Here’s How, best treatment for stage 4 breast cancer, bleeding nipple, breast cancer stage 4 prognosis, breast cancer treatment option, breast cancer treatment options, Breast pain in dense breast, Brest swelling, Facts you Should Know about Breast Cancer, hormonal therapy, Hormonal Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer, hormone, hormone replacement, hormone replacement therapy hrt, hormone replacement treatments, matastatic breast cancer prognosis, matastatic breast cancer treatment, metastatic beast cancer prognois (breast), metastatic beast cancer treatment, metastatic beast cancer treatment options, metastatic breast cancer, metastatic breast cancer prognosis, metastatic breast cancer survival rates, metastatic breast cancer treatment, metastatic breast cancer treatment options, metastatic breast cancer treatments, metastic breast cancer treatment, new breast cancer treatments, Rash under breast, Recommended Metastatic Breast Cancer Treatments, Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer Treatment Options, stage IV breast cancer, stage iv breast cancer prognosis, treatment for metastatic breast cancer, treatment for metastatic breast cancer treatment, treatments metastatic breast cancer, What To Expect At Your First Mammogram

    US Breast Cancer Treatment Centers

    Being diagnosed with breast cancer can be a devastating experience for women. Along with the fear of death, surgery, and harsh cancer treatments, breast cancer also elicits fears of...
  • Diabetes-Friendly Recipes

    Diabetes is a condition where the amount of sugar in your blood is in excess because your pancreas doesn’t have enough insulin to regulate the glucose level entering your...
  • Military Physician Assistant

    The military needs medical and health professionals in order to provide services to soldiers and to offer medical services in countries where the U.S. military is posted. So, many...
  • Total Hip Replacement

    Total hip replacement, which is also known simply as hip replacement or hip arthroplasty, is a long-term surgical treatment for reducing your hip joint pain and increasing your hip’s range...