Deep Vein Thrombosis Medications

deep vein thrombosis medications

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a result of a blood clot in a deep artery that can potentially become deadly. The most common symptoms of DVT are inflammation, swelling, pain, and soreness, typically in the legs. A host of risk factors may lead to DVT, including loss of mobility, pregnancy, and hormone therapy.

Treating Deep Vein Thrombosis

The goal of any given DVT treatment plan includes:

  • Preventing a clot from expanding
  • Circumventing more serious, long-term complications such as inflammation and pain
  • Preventing more blood clots

In most cases, DVT can be successfully managed through the use of medications and self-care strategies. That said, some patients with DVT may require surgery. Consult with your primary physician to determine the optimal treatment plan for your particular case.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Medications


Also commonly known as blood thinners, these medications are the primary method of treatment for deep vein thrombosis. These drugs prevent the growth of a clot as well as ruptures. They also keep the formation of new clots at bay. As opposed to their name, blood thinners do not actually thin the blood.

The most common blood thinners used for DVT are:

  • Warfarin
  • Dabigatran
  • Heparin
  • Rivaroxaban
  • Apixaban
  • Edoxaban

Clot busters, also known as thrombolysis therapy, are also a common form of therapy. The body is capable of breaking down the clot on its own over time, but during this period, it can cause a lot of damage to the deep vein. Doctors recommend thrombolytic drugs to patients who suffer from big clots that lead to inflammation, pain, and blood flow issues. Those who are at an increased risk of pulmonary embolism and individuals who have a deep vein thrombosis in the arm as opposed to the leg should also consider thrombolytic drugs.

This form of therapy is effective in speedily breaking down a clot and improving blood circulation. They may also salvage vein valves. With that said, clot busters pose more risks than anticoagulants. They increase the risk of stroke and bleeding. Ultimately, this therapy needs to be carried out at a hospital with the use of a catheter.

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